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Skills are player attributes which are leveled up through the use of specific tools or actions. Each skill has ten levels. A skill level increase is awarded immediately upon earning enough experience points for a new level, and is immediately displayed on the skills tab of the inventory. The new skill level immediately increases the proficiency of the tool(s) associated with that skill.

Overnight, after the player goes to bed on the day a skill level increases, a popup announces the increase, and additionally awards knowledge of any applicable crafting or cooking recipes. At level 5 and level 10, players also select which one of two available Professions to specialize in. Each profession has its own set of benefits, such as sell price bonuses for related items. It should be noted that awards of recipe knowledge or profession benefits do not take place until seen in the popup overnight, and are not available until the first thing the following morning. In particular, items sold or shipped the day of the skill level increase do not receive the new price bonuses. Like recipes, profession benefits are only available beginning the following day.

All skills need the following experience points to increase skill level:

Lvl Experience Total Experience
1 100 100
2 +280 380
3 +390 770
4 +530 1300
5 +850 2150
Lvl Experience Total Experience
6 +1150 3300
7 +1500 4800
8 +2100 6900
9 +3100 10000
10 +5000 15000

A variety of skills can be temporarily improved by eating specific foods. These skills will appear as a buff icon next to the player clock in the user interface. Skills can be viewed in the player skill tab in the game pause menu.

Farming Levels are gained by harvesting crops and caring for animals. Each level grants +1 hoe and watering can proficiency (see tools).
Mining Mining skill is increased by breaking rocks (normally done with a Pickaxe). Each level grants +1 pickaxe proficiency.
Foraging Foraging skill includes both gathered foraged goods, and wood from trees chopped with an axe tool. Each level grants +1 axe proficiency.
Fishing Fishing is associated with successfully completing the fishing mini-game or catching fish in a Crab Pot, increasing the fishing skill. Each level grants +1 fishing rod proficiency.
Combat Combat is a skill tied to the player's ability to fight against monsters.


Proficiency refers to the amount of energy required to use a specific tool.

At skill level 0, each successful use of a Pickaxe, Axe, or Hoe costs 2 energy. Unsuccessful uses (e.g., attempting to chop a Large Log with the starter axe) cost 1 energy. Each cast of the Fishing Pole costs 8 energy, even if the cast fails (e.g., the fishing line does not land in water). The starter Watering Can uses 2 energy.

Each increase in skill decreases energy requirements by 0.1 points for specific tools (listed below). Skill increases past level 10 (only possible temporarily via Buffs) continue to decrease the energy requirements. So, for example, using a Pickaxe at Mining level 13 costs only 0.7 points per swing. (The game keeps track of fractional amounts of energy, but in the user interface they are rounded to the nearest integer).

Powering up an upgraded watering can increases its energy cost by 2 points per power-up; each increase in skill decreases the energy requirement by 0.1 points (regardless of power level). At Farming Level 0, the starter can uses 2 energy to water one tile; the iridium can at maximum power uses 10 energy to water eighteen tiles. At Farming Level 10, the starter can uses 1 energy; the iridium at maximum power uses 9 energy (10 minus .1 per skill level). Using an upgraded can to water fewer tiles than it is able costs the same energy as the first watering can upgrade that is able to water that many tiles (single tile always the same as starter can, 5 tiles always the same as steel can). Attempting to use an empty watering can doesn't cost energy. Filling a watering can never uses energy.

Upgrading an Axe, Pickaxe, or Hoe does not alter the amount of energy required to use it. The increased efficiency of the Axe, Pickaxe, or Hoe, however, will result in less overall energy being used for the same task than a lower-level tool.

Note that all Hoes use the same energy (2 points at Farming Level 0, and 1 point at Farming Level 10), whether powered-up or used to till one tile of soil.

All fishing poles use the same energy: 8 points at Fishing Level 0, and 7 points at Fishing Level 10.

Affected Tools





Unaffected Tools

The following tools do not consume energy:

The following tools always consume 4 points of energy:

Neither loading a Crab Pot with Bait nor harvesting it uses any energy, at any skill level.

Farming Skill Icon.png Farming

Main article: Farming

Farming skill is gained by harvesting crops. Caring for animals also adds experience: Petting, milking, and shearing farm animals or picking up an animal product inside a barn or coop each give 5 experience points. Using a hoe or watering can does not grant experience by itself. Each level grants +1 proficiency to hoes and watering cans.

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting / Cooking Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Choose a Profession:
Scarecrow.png Scarecrow

Basic Fertilizer.png Basic Fertilizer

Mayonnaise Machine.png Mayonnaise Machine

Stone Fence.png Stone Fence

Sprinkler.png Sprinkler

Bee House.png Bee House

Speed-Gro.png Speed-Gro

Farmer's Lunch.png Farmer's Lunch

Preserves Jar.png Preserves Jar

Basic Retaining Soil.png Basic Retaining Soil

Iron Fence.png Iron Fence

Rancher.png Rancher

Animal products worth 20% more.

Tiller.png Tiller

Crops worth 10% more.

(Bonus applies to all Vegetables and Flowers, plus any Fruit that has not been foraged)

Level 6 Level 7 Level 8 Level 9 Level 10
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Rancher: Tiller:

Cheese Press.png Cheese Press

Hardwood Fence.png Hardwood Fence

Quality Sprinkler.png Quality Sprinkler

Loom.png Loom

Quality Retaining Soil.png Quality Retaining Soil

Oil Maker.png Oil Maker

Keg.png Keg

Deluxe Speed-Gro.png Deluxe Speed-Gro

Seed Maker.png Seed Maker

Iridium Sprinkler.png Iridium Sprinkler

Quality Fertilizer.png Quality Fertilizer

Coopmaster.png Coopmaster

Befriend coop animals quicker. Incubation time cut in half.

(Also improves coop product quality, see details here)

Artisan.png Artisan

Artisan goods (wine, cheese, oil, etc.) worth 40% more.

(Note that oil does not actually benefit from the Artisan Profession)

Shepherd.png Shepherd

Befriend barn animals quicker. Sheep produce wool faster.

(Also improves barn product quality, see details here)

Agriculturist.png Agriculturist

All crops grow 10% faster.

Mining Skill Icon.png Mining

Main article: Mining

Mining skill is increased by breaking rocks. Each level adds +1 to Pickaxe proficiency. You are awarded mining skill points when rocks are destroyed -- it doesn't matter if this is done by Pickaxe, Bombs, or by the action of Monsters.

Different rock types give different numbers of experience points.

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Cooking Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Choose a Profession:
Cherry Bomb.png Cherry Bomb Staircase.png Staircase Miner's Treat.png Miner's Treat

Glowstone Ring.png Glowstone Ring

Iron Bar.png Transmute (Fe)

Miner.png Miner
+1 ore per vein.
Geologist.png Geologist
Chance for gems to appear in pairs.
(50% chance per Node. Also applies to geodes spawned from breaking rocks.)
Level 6 Level 7 Level 8 Level 9 Level 10
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Miner: Geologist:
Bomb.png Bomb Gold Bar.png Transmute (Au) Mega Bomb.png Mega Bomb Crystalarium.png Crystalarium Blacksmith Icon.png Blacksmith
Metal bars worth 50% more.
(Applies to Copper, Iron, Gold, & Iridium Bars)
Excavator.png Excavator
Chance to find geodes doubled.
(Applies to all 4 types of geodes)
Prospector.png Prospector
Chance to find coal doubled.
Gemologist.png Gemologist
Gems worth 30% more.
(applies to Minerals and Gems)

Foraging Skill Icon.png Foraging

Main article: Foraging

Foraging skill is increased both by gathering forage items found on the ground throughout Stardew Valley and by chopping down Trees with an Axe. Each foraging skill level adds +1 axe proficiency.

Experience Points

Experience points (XP) are granted as follows:

  • 12 XP for chopping down a tree with an axe (granted all at once for the last chop that causes the tree to fall).
  • 1 XP for removing the tree stump after chopping down a tree.
  • 25 XP for removing Large Stumps and Large Logs.
  • 7 XP for each foraged item picked up from the ground.
    • If the Gatherer profession doubles the foraged item, another 7 XP is granted for the duplicate item.
  • 3 XP for each Spring Onion harvested from Cindersap Forest in Spring.

The 7 XP for foraging items applies solely to those items visible sitting on the ground that are picked up only if the player clicks on them; it does not apply to items lying on the ground (e.g., dropped by shaking) that are automatically added to the player inventory by magnetism. Specific items that do grant 7 XP include:

The following Items do NOT grant any foraging experience:

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Crafting Recipes: Cooking Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Choose a Profession:
Spring Seeds.png Wild Seeds (Sp)Field Snack.png Field Snack
  • Trees sometimes
    drop seeds.
Survival Burger.png Survival Burger Tapper.png Tapper Charcoal Kiln.png Charcoal KilnSummer Seeds.png Wild Seeds (Su)
  • +1 Wild Berry
Forester.png Forester
Gain 25% more wood when chopping
(Applies to Trees, Stumps & Logs)
Gatherer.png Gatherer
Chance for double harvest of foraged items.
(20% chance of double harvest)
Level 6 Level 7 Level 8 Level 9 Level 10
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Forester: Gatherer:
Lightning Rod.png Lightning RodFall Seeds.png Wild Seeds (Fa)

Warp Totem Beach.png Warp Totem:

Winter Seeds.png Wild Seeds (Wi)

Warp Totem Mountains.png Warp Totem:

Tree Fertilizer.png Tree Fertilizer

Warp Totem Farm.png Warp Totem: Farm
  • +1 Wild Berry
Rain Totem.png Rain TotemCookout Kit.png Cookout Kit Lumberjack.png Lumberjack
All trees have a chance to drop hardwood.
Botanist.png Botanist
Foraged items are always highest quality.
Tapper Icon.png Tapper
Syrups worth 25% more.
Tracker.png Tracker
Location of forageable items revealed.

Fishing Skill Icon.png Fishing

Main article: Fishing

Fishing Skill is increased by catching Fish, Trash, Seaweed, Green Algae, or White Algae with a Fishing Rod/Pole or by harvesting Crab Pots.

Each level grants +1 Fishing Rod Proficiency, increases the minimum fish size (in/cm) and bobber bar height, and decreases the max amount of time before fish bite. Fishing skill also increases the chance to find quality (silver or gold star) fish.

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting / Cooking Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Choose a Profession:
Casting distance increased by one tile Bait.png Bait Crab Pot.png Crab PotDish o' The Sea.png Dish o' The Sea Recycling Machine.png Recycling Machine
  • Casting distance increased by one tile
Fisher.png Fisher
Fish worth 25% more.
Trapper.png Trapper
Resources required to craft crab pots reduced.
Level 6 Level 7 Level 8 Level 9 Level 10
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting / Cooking Recipes: Fisher: Trapper:
Spinner.png SpinnerTrap Bobber.png Trap Bobber Cork Bobber.png Cork BobberTreasure Hunter.png Treasure Hunter Worm Bin.png Worm BinBarbed Hook.png Barbed HookDressed Spinner.png Dressed Spinner Seafoam Pudding.png Seafoam PuddingMagnet.png Magnet Angler Icon.png Angler
Fish worth 50% more.
Mariner.png Mariner
Crab pots no longer produce junk items.
Pirate.png Pirate
Chance to find treasure doubled.
Luremaster.png Luremaster
Crab pots no longer require bait.

Combat Skill Icon.png Combat

Main article: Combat

Combat skill is increased by fighting monsters. Some levels add to the player's total HP (health points), as shown by an increase in the health meter.

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Cooking Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Choose a Profession:
Sturdy Ring.png Sturdy RingBug Steak.png Bug Steak Life Elixir.png Life Elixir Roots Platter.png Roots Platter Warrior Ring.png Warrior Ring Fighter.png Fighter
All attacks deal 10% more damage.
(+15 HP)
Scout.png Scout
Critical strike chance increased by 50%.
(+0 HP)
Level 6 Level 7 Level 8 Level 9 Level 10
Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Crafting Recipes: Fighter: Scout:

Slime Egg-Press.png Slime Egg-Press

Oil of Garlic.png Oil of Garlic
Ring of Yoba.png Ring of Yoba

Slime Incubator.png Slime Incubator

Explosive Ammo.png Explosive Ammo
Iridium Band.png Iridium Band Brute.png Brute
Deal 15% more damage.
(+0 HP)
Acrobat.png Acrobat
Cooldown on special moves cut in half.
(+0 HP)
Defender.png Defender
+25 HP.
Desperado.png Desperado
Critical strikes are deadly.
(+0 HP)

Changing Professions

The Statue Of Uncertainty in The Sewers allows the player to change professions. After donating Gold.png10,000g, the statue requires the player to choose one skill to change. That night after the player goes to bed, the Level 5 "Choose a profession" screen will appear, followed by the corresponding Level 10 "Choose a profession" screen for the skill selected at the statue.

Only skills for which professions have already been chosen will appear in the Statue's menu. As soon as the player chooses a profession to change, the bonuses for existing professions disappear. Skills that gives bonuses to sell prices will not apply to items placed in the shipping bin the day you change your profession.

Skill-Based Title

Based on your total Skill level you get a certain Title under your name in the Skills tab of the Player Menu. Your level and title are also visible when hovering over your picture on the Inventory Tab of the Player Menu.

The level is calculated as follows: (farmingLevel + fishingLevel + foragingLevel + combatLevel + miningLevel + luckLevel) / 2

If the resulting number ends in 0.5, the decimal value is truncated, and only the integer portion is considered.

Here are the possible Titles:

  • level >= 30: Farm King
  • level > 28: Cropmaster
  • level > 26: Agriculturist
  • level > 24: Farmer
  • level > 22: Rancher
  • level > 20: Planter
  • level > 18: Granger
  • level > 16: Farmgirl/Farmboy
  • level > 14: Sodbuster
  • level > 12: Smallholder
  • level > 10: Tiller
  • level > 8: Farmhand
  • level > 6: Cowpoke
  • level > 4: Bumpkin
  • level > 2: Greenhorn
  • level <= 2: Newcomer

You would need luck level 10 as well as level 10 in all Skills to get the Highest title, Farm King. Unfortunately, luck level (a value separate from daily Luck) is not implemented in the game as of PC v1.5. Luck level appears (in the game code) to have been intended as a 6th skill that could be leveled up, like the other skills. This means that the highest level possible is 25, making "Farmer" the best obtainable title.


  • 1.3: Added Statue of Uncertainty. Removing a regular tree stump now gives +1 Foraging experience.
  • 1.4: Fixed Prospector profession not applied to rocks destroyed in the mines.
  • 1.4.1: Profession bonuses now disappear as soon as you choose a profession to change at the Statue of Uncertainty. Only skills that have already chosen professions are shown in the Statue's menu.